Redding Annexation and Community Growth

  • Issues of Community Growth Through Annexation
  • Part 1-Why would an area petition to join a city? & What were the public concerns about annexation?
  • Map of Redding from 1872, shows Sacramento River and Railroad. Brown box is original Railroad Reservation.
  • Aerial view of Redding.
  • Areas located 100 air miles in each direction of Redding.
  • Aerial view of Redding’s overpasses.
  • Aerial view of the Sacramento River and surrounding area.
  • Copper mining at the turn of the century.
  • The Shasta Dam was built during the 1930’s and 1940’s.
  • Aerial view of the lumber mill, started in the 1950’s.
  • The topography of soil, water, and being near to transportation routes allowed Redding to emerge.
  • Redding, an urban development that emerged along a 17 mile long and 5 mile wide corridor.
  • Housing development that shows the unity of the area that came from naming neighborhoods.
  • Development in the Redding area.
  • Aerial view of Redding showing the beauty of the land.
  • Map of Redding from 1887, showing the expansion of the area of Redding expanding into Enterprise. Uses the Sacramento River as a natural boundary.
  • Map of Redding from 1887,showing the industrial and commercial land use and how they relate to the highways and the Southern Pacific Railroad tracks.
  • Aerial view of Redding showing the residential areas.
  • Map of Redding from 1920.
  • Aerial view of the mountains.
  • Map of Redding from 1945, showing how the districts of Redding and surrounding areas overlap.
  • Local codes, plans, zoning ordinances, budgets, and operating procedures are difficult to understand and causing the average citizen to give up in frustration and not become involved with politics.
  • Map of Redding showing the different districts of Redding and how easily they overlap.
  • There is a pastime of criticizing the political and governmental leaders.
  • There is an irrational distrust that generates bitter abuse of local officials and is found at almost any public hearing that has controversy.
  • The irrational distrust of officials can interfere with the facts.
  • The facts tend to be complicated and somewhat confusing from the start and requires clear, rational thinking to understand.
  • The testimony on annexation and related incorporation problems.
  • “It is quite amazing the extent to which feelings will run in some of these matters, with cases of anonymous phone call threats, business boycotts, and the breaking up of a long standing bridge foursome having been reported” -Lee M. Roberts, then City Manager of Napa
  • The bridge foursome could have been in reference to the conditions within Redding during incorporation of 1887 or any of the other annexations.
  • Annexation and incorporations similar to the arguments in 1887. “Incorporation is needed for the best interests of the place” “The opposition claim that incorporation means a shoddy local Ring Rule; means that a few will have the power to control many” – the Shasta Courier 1887.
  • The petition, arguments, and ruling of the Cascade annexation.
  • Official reports on Redding.
  • There were 47 annexations with only 10 of them requiring an election because the other 37 were designated uninhabited annexations because there were less than 12 registered voters.
  • Ground view of Redding.
  • The Benton Annexation was the first in 1950, which provided the typical debate for annexation.
  • “The city of Redding is faced with necessity of putting in a new sewage plant and making other improvements long overdue”- the Record-Searchlight
  • Arrow is the Starview Estates and the wooded area is the Western ranches.
  • Map of the new borders for Enterprise.
  • Top to bottom: Vol. 4- 1973 education Code, Vol. 1- 1973 Education Code, District Laws 1965, 1969 Government Code Counties, 1969 Government Code Cities, Laws Relating to Conservation and Planning.
  • The residents of Enterprise P.U.D would have better opportunities to influence the election.
  • Enterprise P.U.D would be able to vote in officials and councilmen.
  • The three basic laws of annexations. 1-Uninhabited Annexation Act, Inhabited Annexation Act and the District Reorganization Act.
  • Aerial view of Redding.
  • X-Axis: Number of Acres in Thousands, Y-Axis: the years from 1887-1976
  • 10/47 annexation required an official election roughly about 21% or 22% of the elections.
  • The growth of Redding through annexations.
  • The areas outlined in blue are the areas annexed by 1950.
  • Aerial view of Sunset Terrace.
  • Areas in blue were annexed in 1950 and the areas in red were annexed in 1960.
  • Redding along the Sacramento River and surrounding areas.
  • Residential area.
  • Redding lumber mill.
  • Residential area.
  • The Local Agency Formation Commission
  • The area that Twin View wanted to annex outlined in blue and the city that existed in 1986.
  • Aerial view of Lake Blvd
  • To annex the area they were prepared to pay $2,280,813.
  • The arrow pointing to the white spot is the location where Twin View is located.
  • Twin View.
  • Residential area of Redding.
  • Aerial view of Redding.
  • Aerial view of Redding.
  • Enterprise P.U.D. annexed in 1970 and Cascade C.S.D. annexed in 1976
  • Why should an area join a city?
  • Reason 1- Water
  • The Sacramento River running through Redding. Water is important and being part of a city with a ready available water supply is beneficial.
  • Reason 2- Police and Fire Protection.
  • Small communities not part of a major city might not have access to their own fire department which is detrimental during fire season.
  • Aerial view of the station.
  • Reason 3- Planning
  • Who zones a new area? How to zone a new area? The city will zone an area if you belong to it!
  • Planned out residential area.
  • Planned out residential area.
  • Reason 4- City Power
  • Power plant in Redding
  • Graph of the electric rates measured in 1000 KWH a month.
  • Up close view of the graph.
  • Ground view of Redding City Hall.
  • One of the concerns about annexation was education.
  • Another concern was the loss of the rural life style and joining a big city.
  • Area that was once rural turned into a residential district.
  • Loss of the rural life style but still maintained in regards to small farms
  • Political cartoon saying ‘say no to annexation’ and don’t trade in your farm and land for a city.
  • Rural view of Redding
  • Within ten years, 1960-1970, the population of Bonnyview grew by about 4%, Redding by 30% and Enterprise had the largest growth with 132%,
  • Taxes!
  • The selected areas were Enterprise and Redding from 1962-1973.
  • A recap of the three basic annexation laws.
  • The benefits of joining a city.
  • The concerns about joining a city was education, the environmental impact, the loss of rural life style, and property taxes.
  • Redding along the Sacramento River leading down to Anderson.
  • Aerial view of Redding.

Darrell Burrell was a history/geography teacher at the old Nova High School whose wife donated his old slides to the Shasta Historical Society after his death on April 24, 2013. During the 1960’s and 1970’s, Mr. Burrell would take a plane ride over the Redding area to document the growth of the county through aerial photos. Along with the aerial shots, the slides also contained a few of his old lectures that included the annexation of Enterprise and the arguments for and against annexation.

This online exhibit was created by local college student, Anneliese Sanders. “I first found out about the Shasta Historical Society through my history teacher at Shasta College when he offered an alternative assignment in place of writing the final paper. While I didn’t take the alternative assignment, the Historical Society was always in the back of my mind and I decided to volunteer during the summer between my sophmore and junior years of college. The first project I had was sorting through the slides that Mrs. Burrell donated and organizing them. There were some clearly marked slides that belonged together and those slides turned out to be Mr. Burrell’s old lectures, one of which is presented here.”